Musical intelligence One of the earliest scientific explanations of language acquisition was provided by Skinner (1957). esl.fis.edu/teachers/support/krashen.htmEn caché – Similares – Haz hecho público que te gusta. Answer the following questions in 50 words each. 1. Explain Apraxia of Speech. Figure 2.1 summarizes the five stages of language acquisition and shows some appropriate prompts and sample questions to use for each stage of second language acquisition. SECTION - C Write short notes on any two of the following in about 100 words each : 2x3=6 Episodic versus Semantic memory 3 Language acquisition device 3 Not only does the process of learning a language differ from the process of acquiring a language, but the processes and structures within the brain differ between the two activities as well. Linguistics. According to Krashen there are two independent systems of second language performance: 'the acquired system' and 'the learned system'. Second-language acquisition ( SLA ), second-language learning or L2 ( language 2) acquisition, is the process by which people learn a second language. Critically discuss the Investment and Confluence theory of creativity. When Krashen makes this differentiation he formulates his Monitor Model which has five different hypotheses such as the Natural Order Hypothesis, The acquisition / learning Hypothesis, The Affective Filter Hypothesis, The monitor Hypothesis and The Input Hypothesis. Schumann with his Acculturation Model, Giles and Byme with his Accommodation Theory state that learners who are positive towards the group who speak the target language for either cultural or personal reason will have more possibilities to acquire the second language However, it seems essential to mention that both Schumann and Giles based his theories only on Second language environments where learners are constantly exposed to the target language (immigrants living in a foreign language Country) and do not mention the internal mechanisms that take place when learners acquire a language . 3. 4. The number of language minority and language majority students must be balanced, with neither group compromising more than 2/3's of the class. 5. Discuss the biology of language acquisition. Additional materials, such as the best quotations, synonyms and word definitions to make your writing easier are 3. Describe the acquisition of a second language. 10 x 3 = 30 marks, 12. All in all, these results can be said to establish that first language acquisition and second language learning are similar processes, but differ in specific content and order of acquisition; baking a cake and baking a loaf of bread may utilise the same process but require different ingredients, oven temperature and cooking time. 8. 2. 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NAME : ……………………………………… Research suggests that this natural order seems to transcendage, the learner's native language, the target language, and the conditions under which the second language is being learned. The Acquisition-Learning distinction is the most important of the five hypotheses in Krashen's theory and the most widely known and influential among linguists and language teachers.. Language can be vocalized as in speech, or manual as in sign. 1) First of all create FRONT PAGE of ASSIGNMENT. The second language requires constant conscious effort so that the learners can internalize the structures of the second language. Second language acquisition is a process by which people learn a second language. It refers to any language learned in addition to the first language and the differences between both processes. 3. He states (p.456), Output aids acquisition indirectly by encouraging CI (comprehensible input), via conversation. 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