Here, we clarify the links between canalization, plasticity and developmental stability, the three major processes involved in the control of phenotypic variability. Developmental phenotypic plasticity: where ecology and evolution meet molecular biology. This statement is central to our understanding of how natural selection shapes phenotypic evolution. For example, West … Data from studies of decision making, learning, and discrimination demonstrate that early life conditions have an impact on subsequent neural growth, maintenance, and cognition, with important ecological and evolutionary implications. We present a short historical review, including the … Developmental plasticity of growth and digestive efficiency in dependence of early-life food availability Alexander Kotrschal , *, 1, 2 Sönke Szidat , 3 and Barbara Taborsky 1 1 Behavioural Ecology, Institute of Ecology and Evolution, University of Bern, Wohlenstrasse 50a, CH-3032 Hinterkappelen, Switzerland Sex‐specific developmental plasticity may be favoured if it allows individuals to take advantage of varying levels of food opportunities offered by different habitats, by reducing competition between the sexes. In other words, this clone exhibits strong transgenerational plasticity and relatively weak within‐generation plasticity, and the two forms of plasticity operate in opposite directions. The ability of organisms to respond to the environmental conditions encountered during ontogeny by phenotypic change (‘developmental plasticity’) is a pervasive feature of life (Schmalhausen 1949; Bradshaw 1965; Schlichting & Pigliucci 1998; West‐Eberhard 2003).It has been demonstrated in virtually all organisms investigated so far, from fungi (Brasier 1987) to … However, parent–offspring conflict will frequently result … Our ability to predict how species will respond to human-induced rapid environmental change (HIREC) may depend upon our understanding of transgenerational plasticity (TGP), which occurs when environments experienced by previous generations influence phenotypes of subsequent generations. Condition dependence, developmental plasticity, and cognition: implications for ecology and evolution. Developmental plasticity frequently involves parental effects, which might enable adaptive and context-dependent transgenerational transmission of phenotypic strategies. These two approaches share a concern with phenotypic plasticity and its evolutionary significance. Adaptive developmental plasticity has been demonstrated across a number of taxa in response to variables such as photoperiod, resource abundance, and predator presence. Buchanan , 1 J.L. Socially cued anticipatory plasticity (SCAP) has been proposed as a widespread mechanism of adaptive life-history shifts in semelparous species with extreme male mating investment. Biomedical models of developmental plasticity often utilize laboratory rodents, which lack the natural social structure and intact life history involved in development of complex and variable phenotypes. The flexible growth strategy of Betula points to the importance of meristem availability and developmental constraints in determining plant response to environmental change. A recent Bayesian model (Stamps and Krishnan, in press) shows how individual differences in the means and variances of prior distributions of estimates of variables such as danger can generate … Gremillion KJ(1), Piperno DR. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 2013. (1997) / Evolutionary and ecological genomics of developmental plasticity : Novel approaches and first insights from the study of horned beetles. These two approaches share a concern with phenotypic plasticity and its evolutionary significance. Data from studies of decision making, learning, and discrimination demonstrate that early life conditions have an impact on subsequent neural growth, maintenance, and cognition, with important ecological and evolutionary implications. Introduction. Author information: (1)Department of Anthropology, Ohio State University, 4034 Smith Laboratory, 174 West 18th Avenue, Columbus 43210-1106, USA. Introduction. Read "Developmental plasticity in Painted Turtles, Chrysemys picta, Functional Ecology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips. In this issue of Molecular Ecology, Hales et al. Most studies have only tested for developmental plasticity in thermal ecology traits at the hatchling stage, which limits our understanding of the benefits of developmental plasticity to individuals, or the adaptive significance of developmental plasticity in populations. Developmental plasticity has profound implications for plant evolution and ecology and can make important contributions to improving yield stability in agriculture. As such, plasticity in response to food availability may have played a role in the invasion success of A. sagrei. HBE considers the adaptive plasticity of the human phenotype in response to resource distribution … Developmental plasticity in thermal ecology traits is poorly understood in reptiles. 290-296 ISSN: 0169-5347 Subject: cognition, decision making, ecology, environmental factors, evolution, learning Abstract: Across taxa, both neural growth and cognitive function show considerable developmental plasticity. Trends in ecology & evolution 2013 v.28 no.5 pp. 127-148 (Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology). One of the outstanding challenges for evolutionary biologists is to understand how developmental plasticity can influence the evolutionary process. These topics were considered by scholars who were chosen for the … HBE considers the adaptive plasticity of the human phenotype in response to resource distribution … Nutrition-responsive development is a ubiquitous and highly diversified example of phenotypic plasticity, yet its underlying molecular and developmental mechanisms and modes of … Environmental canalization and phenotypic plasticity refer to changes in the development of the phenotype as the environment changes, and are inferred from the slope of the phenotypic norm of reaction (Woltereck, 1909; Waddington, 1942; Flatt, 2005).A relatively strong response to environmental variation (i.e. The fields of human behavioral ecology (HBE) and evolutionary developmental biology (evo‐devo) both stand to make significant contributions to our understanding of agricultural origins. • Research is needed on the adaptive significance of developmental plasticity. The fields of human behavioral ecology (HBE) and evolutionary developmental biology (evo‐devo) both stand to make significant contributions to our understanding of agricultural origins. The use of model systems such as the flowering plant Arabidopsis thaliana has facilitated a dialogue between developmental biologists asking how plasticity is controlled (proximate … Here, we provide a synthesis of the … Human Behavioral Ecology, Phenotypic (Developmental) Plasticity, and ... gene expression and developmental plasticity in shaping phe-notypes. Such mating systems evolved several times independently in spiders and male reproductive success should critically depend on timely maturation and rapid location of a … The fields of human behavioral ecology (HBE) and evolutionary developmental biology (evo‐devo) both stand to make significant contributions to our understanding of agricultural origins. TGP evolved to help organisms cope with environmental stressors when parental … Condition dependence, developmental plasticity, and cognition: implications for ecology and evolution. The relationship between genotype and phenotype is not one to one. Human behavioral ecology, phenotypic (developmental) plasticity, and agricultural origins: insights from the emerging evolutionary synthesis. Across taxa, both neural growth and cognitive function show considerable developmental plasticity. The marbled crayfish Procambarus virginalis [] is the only known decapod crustacean that reproduces by obligate parthenogenesis [].While the precise origin of the animals remains to be identified, the first record of marbled crayfish is from the German aquarium trade in 1995 [1, 2], indicating a very recent evolutionary origin.Based on morphological characters and … Springer New York LLC, 2014. pp. To evaluate the developmental plasticity of shell morphology in the queen conch Strombus gigas, we conducted transplant experiments at five sites … Changes in personality over ontogeny can occur even when every agent (individual or genotype) is exposed to the same set of cues, experiences or environmental conditions. Condition-dependence, developmental plasticity, and cognition: implications for ecology and evolution K.L. Demographics also vary temporally and spatially within populations, but few studies have examined the possibility that developmental plasticity in response to changes in these … These two approaches share a concern with phenotypic plasticity and its evolutionary significance. Ecological Genomics: Ecology and the Evolution of Genes and Genomes. The Encyclopedia of Ecology contains contributions from international experts on a diverse array of topics related to ecology. RESEARCH ARTICLE Developmental Plasticity Links Local Adaptation and Evolutionary Diversification in Foraging Morphology REBECCA L. YOUNG AND ALEXANDER V. BADYAEV Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona ABSTRACT Developmental plasticity is thought to reconcile the constraining role of natural … The plastic response of phenotypic traits to environmental change is a common research focus in several disciplines-from ecology and evolutionary biology to physiology and molecular genetics. Pond duration depends on initial water depth and frequency of rainfall. In … … Plasticity in the development may lead to partial or full compensation, in particular for those body structures where the long‐term costs of suboptimal development are high. Across taxa, both neural growth and cognitive function show considerable developmental plasticity. 8 Pages. Developmental plasticity has profound implications for plant evolution and ecology and can make important contributions to improving yield stability in agriculture. The similar relations between pond drying and metamorphosis in experimental ponds and natural ponds indicate that developmental plasticity may play an important role in the ecology … Grindstaff , 2 and V. V. Pravosudov 3 1 School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Deakin University, Pigdons Rd, Victoria Australia • Some developmentally plastic differences persist beyond the neonate stage. Couch's spadefoot toads (Scaphiopus couchii) breed in ephemeral desert ponds of variable duration. So as to focus the discussion, six topics have been selected, ranging from the fundamental essence of developmental plasticity to its implications to ecology and evolution. a steep reaction norm) indicates phenotypic plasticity, … gremillion.1@osu.edu This developmental plasticity allowed extensive growth that led to development of a dense canopy and imposed light limitation on the other species. • Developmental plasticity is more common in physiological than behavioral traits. 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