Note that the branches of the yellowwood are highly susceptible to ice storm damage. The leaves of Yellowwood are green, odd pinnate and up to 30 cm (11.8 in) long with 5-11 oval single sheets about 6 cm (2.4 in) long. Species of Cladrastis are small to medium-sized deciduous trees typically growing 10–20 m tall, exceptionally to 27 m tall. This wood was used by the Cherokee for carving as well as building structures. The bark adds winter interest. A member of the legume family, this tree produces showy, sweet-smelling white … This seldom-used, native, deciduous tree makes a very striking specimen or shade tree, reaches 30 to 50 feet, rarely 75 feet in height, with a broad, rounded canopy and a vase-shaped, moderately dense silhouette. On old trees, trunk bark is light gray and pebbly, while on young trees it is light gray and smooth. Botanical designation: Cladrastis kentukea.Cultivar denomination: ‘WHITE RAIN’. Up to 12 inch long panicles of white, fragrant, pendulous, blooms in late spring or early summer and often blooms only every 2-3 years. The smooth, light brown legume contains four to six seeds. Cladrastis kentukea, commonly called American yellowwood, is a medium-sized, deciduous tree of the legume family that typically grows 30-50’ tall with upright branching and a broad, rounded crown. N.C. Damage to the young twigs of Cladrastis kentukea reveals yellow wood. Cladrastis Kentukea from Burncoose Nurseries available online to buy - Information: (syn. Yellowwood is a native tree with an open graceful spreading crown with three seasons of interest. Cladrastis kentukea has a big, fleshy root system and thrives best in a sunny, warm location but its hardiness is good. back to trees by common name | trees by botanical name | conifers by common name | conifers by botanical name | German: baumportal.de, © Jost Benning  | Imprint | jowaca digital solutions. Damage to the young twigs of Cladrastis kentukea reveals yellow wood. Individual flowers are about 1 inch and pea-like in shape. The hanging panicles of flowers in the spring become hanging yellow-brown fruits and leaf color becomes yellow-orange in the fall. Botanical Name: Cladrastis kentukea Common Name: American Yellowwood Origin: Southeastern USA Location: KN Spring Spring Summer Summer Autumn Autumn Winter Winter Leaf Leaf Bark Bark Flower Flower Fruit Fruit Tolerates high pH and dry soil; No significant insect or disease problems. The leaves have a yellow/ orange fall color. Pea Family (Fabaceae) Yellowwood grows throughout Eastern Kentucky, but is most common along the Kentucky River palisades in the Bluegrass region. Prune only in summer to prevent bleeding. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). It is noted for its pinnately compound foliage, panicles of fragrant white spring flowers, autumn seed pods and yellow fall color. Yellowwood makes a great shade tree. Cladrastis kentukea is a great shade tree for small yards, works well as a specimen tree or in small groupings Foliage Alternate, 8 to 12 inches long, odd-pinnately compound with 7-11 elliptic to ovate leaflets. Once established it is drought tolerant. Cladrastis kentukea has a big, fleshy root system and thrives best in a sunny, warm location but its hardiness is good. Compound leaves with 5-9 leaflets that alternate on the leaf Leaves alternate, odd-pinnately compound, 20-30 cm long, usually 7-9 leaflets (terminal leaflet largest), each elliptic to ovate, entire, bright green, petiole enlarged at base and enclosing bud. © Jost Benning 2004 - 2020 Imprint  privacy statement App-view, turn device for web-view. Bright green color. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Cladrastis kentukea (Yellowwood) Pea Family (Fabaceae) Introduction: Yellowwood is thought to be our best medium-sized, native flowering tree. Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately). Application, location and plant characteristics of the Cladrastis kentukea in the Ebben Nurseries TreeEbb. Scientific Name: Cladrastis kentukea [= Cladrastis lutea] Genus: Cladrastis Species Epithet: kentukea Common Name: Yellow-wood, Yellowwood, American Yellowwood Plant Type Tree Life Cycle Perennial Plant Family Fabaceae Cladrastis is a genus of about a half dozen species of pinnate-leaved, deciduous trees in the pea family (Fabaceae), all of them native to Asia except Cladrastis kentukea (American yellowwood), which is native to southeastern North America, and the only widely cultivated species. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Flowers small, fragrant, white, in pendulous clusters; pods (legume) turn brown in fall. Cladrastis (yellowwood) is a genus of nine species of flowering plants in the family Fabaceae, eight native to eastern Asia, and one to southeastern North America. Cladrastis kentukea Yellowwood FAMILY: FABACEAE About Yellowwood at OSU's Landscape Plants site Native to southwestern U.S. The twigs are red-brown with distinct leaf scars. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to a new and distinct cultivar of Cladrastis tree, botanically known as Cladrastis kentukea, commercially referred to as Yellowwood and hereinafter referred to by the name … Kentucky yellow-wood hails from the southeastern United States (hardiness zones 4-8) and is not regarded as native to New England. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Blooms from April to May. The other six are found in Asia. The American yellowwood tree is native to the southeastern North America. Choose a yellowwood tree for excellent shade in a small- to medium-sized landscape. C. lutea, C. tinctoria), is a species of Cladrastis native to the Southeastern United States, with a restricted range … The bark is grey and smooth; shallow grooves may appear only when mature. Each branch has 7-9 leaflets. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. The root system is deep which makes transplanting difficult but allows shade-loving plants to grow underneath it. Yellowwood is a native tree with an open graceful spreading crown with three seasons of interest. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. A rare and elegant tree native to parts of China, Cladrastis sinensis was introduced to the UK by Wilson in 1901 and has attractive green, pinnate (feather-like) leaves. In late summer the pods appear that turn from green through brown to purplish brown. American woody plant expert Dr. Michael Dirr remarks that yellow wood (Cladrastis kentukea) "produces one of the most spectacular shows of large flowering trees" in the springtime. This forest type has traditionally been called the mixed mesophytic forest (Robertson and Pusateri 1976). Displays from July to August. Corrective pruning is often necessary to eliminate weak branch forks. lutea) - handsome but rare medium sized tree producing panicles of fragrant white wisteria-like flowers in June. Cladrastis kentukea Bean family (Fabaceae) Description: This medium-sized tree is 30-65' tall at maturity, forming a short trunk that soon branches and subdivides into a rounded crown. You may see this tree classified under Cladrastis kentukea, Cladrastis lutea or Cladrastis tinctoria. Twigs are light gray or brown and covered with scattered white lenticels. Petiole … It is hardy in Zones 4 to 8. Cladrastis kentukea American Yellowwood Mature Size, Growth, Longevity Average mature size of 30-50' tall and 40-55' wide. Cladrastis kentukea(Yellow-wood)- This beautiful medium sized tree in the Legume Family (Fabaceae), previously known as Cladrastis lutea, is widely cultivated as an ornamental for its fragrant white flowers, and handsome foliage … The bright yellow-colored wood gives the tree its name. It is noted for its pinnately Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants. The white flowers hang in long panicles and smell a little. PlantFiles Pictures: Cladrastis Species, American Yellowwood, Kentucky Yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) by Rickwebb Welcome to the famous Dave's Garden website. Cladrastis kentukea, the Kentucky yellowwood or American yellowwood (syn. This is the only species in the genus to come from North America. Low branching tree with a broad, rounded crown of delicate branches. It produces clusters of white pea-like flowers in Spring. This tree has 8-12 inches long pinnately compound leaves. yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) leaf underside, yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) flowers buds, yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) branch budding, yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) leaves in summer, yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) trunk / bark, yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) tree crown in summer. These leaves are more delicate in appearance than those of its American cousin, Cladrastis lutea and turn a strong yellow in a good autumn. The bright yellow-colored wood gives the tree its name. The American yellowwood tree is native to the southeastern North America. Plus many more species descriptions for trees. The trunk and weak-wooded branches of a yellow wood tree visually resemble those of an American beech. The smooth gray bark adds winter interest. Yellowwood is a medium- to large-sized tree, 30 to 50 feet high, with smooth bark, large hanging clusters of fragrant white flowers, and clear yellow fall color. The hanging panicles of flowers in the spring become hanging yellow-brown fruits and leaf color becomes yellow-orange in the fall. Cladrastis kentukea Leaves: Deciduous.Entire compound leaf is 8-12” long, with usually 7-9 elliptic leaflets, each 2-3½” long. AL , AR , CT , GA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MA , ME , MO , MS , NC , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , TN. The smooth gray bark adds winter interest. The buds are brown. Cladrastis kentukea, commonly called American yellowwood, is a medium-sized, deciduous tree of the legume family that typically grows 30-50’ tall with upright branching and a broad, rounded crown. The tree forms a characteristic trunk when older. Cladrastis kentukea (lutea) Yellowwood (American Yellowwood) Categories: Trees This tree prefers deep, moist, fertile, well-drained loam or moist sandy soil with a medium acid pH. The tree forms a characteristic trunk Plant in average moist garden soil and protect from winter winds as branch damage may occur. Smooth, grey to brown bark, bright green, pinnately compound, 8 to 12-inch-long leaflets, and a strikingly beautiful display of white, fragrant blossoms make Yellowwood a wonderful choice for multiple landscape uses. The broad, flat leaves have a smooth leaf edge and the tip of leaflet is pointed. The Kentucky champion tree is in Cave Hill Cemetery in Jefferson County and is almost 80 feet tall. 2.5-4 inch long flat yellow-brown seed pods. The leaf margin is smooth. A plant's winter hardiness is the coldest area in which it is frost-resistant. Height seldom exceeds 80’. Cladrastis kentukeagrows mainly in rich, mesic upland forests and calcareous (limestone) bluffs, often as an understory tree in more mature forests, and sometimes on stream banks (Fernald 1950, Herkert and Ebinger 2002, W-2). Cladrastis kentukea 'Perkin's Pink' – Cladrastis kentukea 'Perkin's Pink' Large, multi-stemmed shrub or small to medium size tree with a semi-open, flat-topped, spherical crown. Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound, but individual leaflets sub-opposite, 5 to 9 leaflets (usually 7), entire margins, 8 to 12" long, each leaflet obovate to oblong-obovate, green upper surface, paler below. Old petioles are often still attached in winter. 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